The global transformations towards adaptive and resilient development

Extreme weather events from heat waves, floods, and forest fires have become an everyday reality of our lives. Enhanced global action on adaptation and resilience is an utmost priority.

Recognizing that progress towards adapting to climate consequences and enhancing resilience is crucially needed, the COP27 Presidency in November 2023 launched the Sharm-El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda (SAA).

The agenda portrays a total of 30 global adaptation outcome targets by 2030 that are urgently needed to increase the Race to Resilience‘s goal of building the resilience of 4 billion people to accelerate transformation across five impact systems. These are: food and agriculture, water and nature, coastal and oceans, human settlements, and infrastructure, and including enabling solutions for planning and finance.

The SAA will serve as aspirational adaptation outcomes for global adaptation action towards 2030, and to inform state and non-Party adaptation agendas. The 30 global adaptation outcome targets will continue to be enhanced and refined based on scientific results.

The COP27 Presidency, through the collaboration with High-Level Champions, Marrakech Partnership and a number of specialized UN agencies, will track progress achieved in implementing the SAA. Our key driver is placing adaptation and resilience at the forefront of global climate action.

Read the 2022 (launch) report

Read the 2023 (implementation) report

Impact Systems

Adaptation outcomes define simple, specific, measurable indicators delivered through specific high-impact solutions that are applicable on a large-scale, impacting many people across multiple geographies.

Food Security and Agriculture Systems

Climate resilient, sustainable agriculture increases yields by 17% and reduces farm level greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 21%, without expansion of the agricultural frontier. Halve the share of food production lost, and per capita food waste (relative to 2019). Healthy alternative proteins capture 15% of the global meat and seafood market. The global consumption of fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts and legumes increases 1.5 times.

Water and Nature Systems

Protection of 45 million hectares (lands and inland waters), 2 billion hectares sustainable management and 350 million hectares restoration of land securing legal indigenous and local communities with use of nature-based solutions to improve water security and livelihoods. By 2025: financial institutions contribute to halting land conversion by eliminating commodity-driven deforestation from portfolios and tap into nature-based solutions investment opportunities of USD 354 billion/year needed by 2030. Water systems are smart, efficient and robust with a reduction in water loss through leakage.* Wastewater systems maximise recycling and reuse alongside natural wetland filtration with zero environmental spillage.* Sustainable irrigation systems are implemented across 20% of global croplands to preserve water availability whilst supporting yield growth.

Human Settlements Systems

1 billion people have better design, construction and access to finance to live in decent, safe homes.8 Smart and early warning systems reach 3 billion people. USD 1 trillion invested in nature based solutions for communities in urban areas. Harden social infrastructure to ensure access to basic and essential community services.* Increased use of waste as a secondary resource boosts the livelihoods of informal workers and reduces open waste burning by 60%, lowering pollution levels and improving the health of local communities.

Ocean and Coastal Systems

Invest USD 4 billion to secure the future of 15 million hectares of mangroves globally through collective action on halting mangrove loss, restoring half of recent losses, doubling protection of mangroves globally and ensuring sustainable long-term finance for all existing mangroves. Halt loss, protect and restore coral reefs to support people in tropical communities. Halt loss, protect and restore seagrass, marshes, and kelp forests to support people in temperate communities. Urban coastline is protected by grey and hybrid solutions

Infrastructure Systems

A diverse set of energy generation sources enable affordable access to electricity for 679 million unconnected people and higher quality access for 1 billion underserved people through climate resilient energy systems. 2.4 billion people with access to clean cooking through at least USD 10 billion/year in innovative finance for clean cooking action worldwide. 585 GW of battery storage capacity and extension of transmission and distribution networks enable decentralised generation and consumption. 2.2 billion people access low-cost, clean vehicles and mobility solutions through the expansion of affordable public and private transport services. Transport infrastructure is resilient to climate hazards through adoption of new technology, design and materials.

Cross-cutting: Planning

10,000 cities and 100 regional governments have evidence-based, actionable adaptation plans. 2,000 of the world's largest companies developed actionable adaptation plans. Universal access to the tools and information required to integrate climate risks into decision making from local to global levels. Operationalisation of National Adaptation Plans and Locally-Led Principles, enabling adaptation in a country-driven localised and consultative manner.

Crosscutting: Finance

Private sector integrates physical climate risks into investment decisions and continues to innovate mechanisms for financing adaptation and resilience so as to enable the mobilisation of the USD 140 to USD 300 billion that will be needed across both public and private sources. Public finance actors increase provision of climate finance and allocate 50% of climate funds to adaptation and resilience. Global property and casualty insurance sector has an industry capabilities framework, actively supports project implementation, and institutionalises a longer-term industry approach to climate adaptation.

Impact Systems: Africa

Africa Commitments supporting the Sharm-El-Sheikh Adaptation Agenda and 2030 Adaptation Outcome Targets

Food Security and Agriculture Systems

The Africa Food Systems Transformation Initiative drives finance towards development of sustainable agriculture and food value chains. AIM4C doubles investment from USD 4 to 8 billion (COP 26 pledge)

Water & Nature Systems

African Cities Water Adaptation Fund (ACWA Fund)- leverage USD 5 billion in finance by 2032 to jumpstart transformative urban water resilience projects in 100 African cities, with at least USD 3 million committed for immediate piloting in two African cities. Impact: Water resilience for 29 million people in 100 African cities improved; 69,000 jobs created and 137 million cubic metres of water saved.

Human Settlements Systems

Phase out open waste burning from Africa by 2050 through addressing the systemic deficiencies of waste management and promotion of circularity through reuse and recycling.

Infrastructure Systems

One billion people with clean power, 4 billion tonnes GHG emissions avoided, 150 million green jobs created. A focus on Green Hydrogen through the Africa Green Hydrogen Alliance (AGHA). 1 billion people with access through USD 8 billion in innovative finance for clean cooking action on the African continent.

Crosscutting: Finance

Double Africa’s issuance of carbon credits in the global market at a value creating price above USD 10/tonne. An efficient African carbon and biodiversity credit market with a determined price floor, integrity credits, interoperable platforms and transparency which provides significant value on the African continent to power green development and livelihoods.

Related News

Progressing global adaptation and resilience action: Contribute to the Sharm El-Shiekh Adaptation Agenda annual implementation report

The Climate Champions invite you to participate in the Sharm Adaptation Agenda Public Survey. Your insights will be instrumental in assessing the progress we’ve made across key areas.

Sharm El Sheikh Adaptation Agenda to take centre stage at Bonn 2023

Midway between COP27 and COP28, the global climate community gears up for a landmark event that promises to inject strong momentum into enhancing global action on adaptation and resilience as an utmost priority. 

The Sharm el Sheikh Adaptation Agenda: Catalysing collaborative action towards a resilient future

Resilience experts and members of Race to Resilience’s MAG advisory group, Anand Patwardhan, Emilie Beauchamp, Ana Maria Lobo-Guerrero, and Paulina Aldunce, underline the transformative impact of the Sharm El Sheikh Adaptation Agenda in driving collaboration and fast-tracking action to bridge the adaptation gap and support the world’s most vulnerable communities. 

“We can. We will”: Climate Week NYC

The major annual event hosted by the Climate Group and New York City, in conjunction with the UN General Assembly (UNGA) opens this Sunday 17 September, with some 400 sessions taking place across the city.